Viroclear is comes under the pharmacological category of hepatitis C virus NS5B viral RNA polymerase inhibitor
Viroclear tablets are prescription medicine, single dose therapy not used ordinarily it is used for the patients who are all having a valid prescription and under the guidance of medical practitioner
In most of the patients, Viroclear is not combined with peg interferon because of adverse effects produced by peg interferon. Even though this concomitant is avoided, the curable standard of Viroclear tablet is outstanding rate.
Trade name: Viroclear
Active ingredient: Sofosbuvir
Package: 28 tablets in a container
Category: Anti-hepaciviral activity
Prescribing information of Viroclear
The prescribing information of Viroclear tablets for the patients affected with chronic hepatitis C infection;
Viroclear is majorly indicated for hepatitis C viral infection therapy by combining with other anti-viral medicines
The effective of Viroclear is established in the genotype I, II III or IV infections, patients who are having HIV-1/HBV co infection.
Viroclear mainly prescribed for adolescent patients, and for pediatric patients with age of 12 years or weighing at least 35kg in genotype II or III induced hepatitis C infection
Mechanism of Viroclear
Viroclear containing sofosbuvir is a pan genotype, HCV NS5B RNA polymerase inhibitor.
This RNA polymerase enzyme is involved in viral production. Viroclear is a prodrug which converted into active pharmacological metabolite by undergoing intracellular metabolism.
The active metabolite is known as uridine triphosphate. This metabolite is get inserted into viral RNA by HCV viral RNA polymerase and exhibits anti-viral activity by chain termination process
After an oral administration, the peak plasma time of Viroclear is reaches within 0.5 to 2 hours and its circulating metabolite GS-331007 has peak plasma time 2 to 4 hours
The human plasma protein bound capacity with Viroclear is occur nearly at the range of 61 to 65%
The circulating metabolite has minimal protein bounding property.
Viroclear is highly metabolized in liver, whereas Viroclear is a substrate of P-gp & BCRP
Viroclear is eliminated through urine by glomerular filteration
The terminal half life period of Viroclear is 0.51 hours and its metabolite has 27 hours
How to take the Tablet Viroclear
Generally Viroclear is administered with or without food.
Viroclear tablet is taken as a single dose
Do not crush or chew the tablet, swallow the tablet as whole with some water
400mg of Viroclear (sofosbuvir)
The recommended dosage of Viroclear by combination with other medicines;
Patients with genotype III hepatitis:
Viroclear combined with ribavirin and peg interferon alfa and it should be taken as a single dose for 12 weeks
Otherwise Viroclear with ribavirin should be taken as single dose for 24 weeks
Patient acquired with genotype I, IV, V or VI chronic hepatitis C viral infection:
Viroclear is combined with ribavirin and peg interferon alfa should be taken as a single dose for 12 weeks
Viroclear and ribavirin should be taken in case of patients are undesirable to take peg interferon alfa for 24 weeks
Patients suffered with genotype II chronic hepatitis C:
Viroclear should be combined with ribavirin as a single dose for 12 weeks
In liver transplantation:
Viroclear should be concurrently used with ribavirin as a single dose until liver transmission.
Viroclear tablet is recommended for the children at age 12 or weight of at least 35kg;
In without cirrhosis or with child Pugh A or compensated:
The recommended dosage is one tablet of Viroclear should be combined with weight based ribavirin as a single dose for 12 weeks
In decompensated cirrhosis:
The prescribed dosage of Viroclear is one tablet should be used with ribavirin for 24 weeks
Ribavirin is recommended to take in two divided doses only with food
Initial dose 600mg slowly increased up to 100mg per day in weight less than 75kg
1200mg should be taken per day with the weight at least 75kg
In pediatric ribavirin dosage;
47 to 49kg: 600mg/day
50 to 65kg: 800mg/day
66 to 80kg: 1000mg/day
No dosage adjustment is followed in the therapy using Viroclear in case of renal and hepatic impairment.
Viroclear caused side effects
General side effects of Viroclear;
Loss of appetite
Influenza like syndrome
Viroclear is a substrate of P-gp & BCRP transporters. While using Viroclear with P-gp or BCRP strong inducers like rifampin or st Johns wort may causes decreasing the plasma concentration of sofosbuvir. Thus the results depletion of therapeutic effect of Viroclear
Viroclear with vitamin K antagonist, fluctuate the effect of vitamin K antagonist
Viroclear with anticonvulsants like phenytoin, Phenobarbital or carbamazepine causes decreasing the effect of Viroclear
Viroclear with analeptic drug like modafinil causes decreasing the effect of concentration of Viroclear.
While combining with Viroclear with amiodarone, no effect of concentration occurs but symptomatic bradycardia occurs
Viroclear with anti-mycobacterials causes depletion in effect of concentration of Viroclear
Viroclear co administration with P-gp or BCRP inhibitors, causes increasing the plasma concentration of Viroclear
Food drug interaction
Diet should be followed under the guidance of physician
Drug with herbal interaction occurs like; Viroclear with st Johns wort may cause depletion of therapeutic effect of Viroclear
No food drug interaction occurs while taking Viroclear, but caution should be taken during therapy
Viroclear tablet combined with ribavirin or peg interferon alfa, contraindicated to pregnancy condition
Hypersensitive reaction produce because of patients contraindicated to the component present in Viroclear tablet
Use with caution in decompensated condition; ribavirin should be combined with Viroclear. Ribavirin causes fetal abnormalities and death. In pregnancy condition ribavirin not recommended
While concomitant amiodarone with Viroclear, patient must counsel about the exposure of this combination, on the other hand some alternative medicines should be prescribed to reduce the risk of symptomatic bradycardia
Viroclear combined with P-gp or BCRP strong inducers leading to loss of therapeutic effect. Avoid this combination.
In HIV-1/HBV co infected patients, HBV reactivation occurs during or after the treatment, to avoid this problem patient must examine to calculate the level of HBV surface antigen & HBV core antibody before starting the treatment
Pregnancy and lactation
Viroclear comes under pregnancy category B1
Whereas Viroclear combined with ribavirin in chronic condition, ribavirin has pregnancy category X; which means causes fetal damage even to death
Ribavirin should not be recommended in pregnancy
Breast feeding should not be recommended
Storage and handling
The storage condition of Viroclear tablets;
Viroclear tablet container stored at room temperature below 30oC
Container should be kept in dry and cool place, free from moisture, heat & light
Keep out of reach from children
The shelf life of the tablet is around 5 years
Viroclear is a prescription medicine, if patient fail to take the dose of Viroclear must consult with physician and take the dose within the time
Otherwise the missed dose should be skipped and follow the regular dosing schedule
Medicine schedule: prescription medicine
The maximum dose of sofosbuvir is 1200mg, there is no distinct antidote is required for over dose of Viroclear.
If overdose occurs in the patients two possible way to overcome from this difficulty;
Patients first confirmed from the toxicity and Patients should be periodically monitored for their symptoms & clinical status. To maintain safety measures properly
Hemodialysis is another method which is involved in over dosage condition; predominantly eliminate the sofosbuvir circulating metabolite contents from the body with separating at the range of 54%