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Rheumatoid arthritis

What is rheumatoid arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis is one type of an autoimmune disease which may occur due to the body’s immune system will damage the joint tissue, leads to causing swelling of the joint lining

One person affected by rheumatoid arthritis, it gets spreads throughout the body, it may also be known as osteoarthritis.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

(An Auto-immune disease)


What is rheumatoid arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis is one type of an autoimmune disease which may occur due to the body’s immune system will damage the joint tissue, leads to causing swelling of the joint lining

One person affected by rheumatoid arthritis, it gets spreads throughout the body, it may also be known as osteoarthritis.


RA classified as:

There are various types of RA involved, some of the following

Seropositive RA: +ve rheumatoid factor

Seronegative RA: -ve rheumatoid factor, -ve anti-CCP test

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIV): occurs at the age of younger than 17 years of age.


A symptom appears in RA:

RA is a chronic syndrome, may cause serious effects

The major symptoms of RA is inflammation and worsening pain in joints

Most common symptoms like;

Joint pain

Joint swelling

Joint stiffness

Lack of joint function, fever, loss of weight, fatigue

In some people RA may causes adverse effect in non-joint structures like;

Skin, eyes, lungs, heart, kidneys, salivary glands, nerve tissues, bone marrow, blood vessels.


Causes of RA:

In genetic factor: Genes has vital role in immune system, some genetic factor involved in route cause for rheumatoid arthritis

In environmental factors: Some of the infection may generate RA in body due to environmental conditions

RA developed when the immune system will disrupt the synovium, lining of membrane which is surrounded the joints

This result as inflammation occurs, causes thickening of synovium and damage the cartilage & bone which are present within the joint. Thus the tendons will become weak and stretch

Finally joints will drops its alignment & shapes.


Risk factors:

The circumstances which will increase the risk of rheumatoid arthritis includes as;

Sex: women has more chance to get RA than men

Age: RA arise in any age, frequently it occur at the age between 40 to 60 years

Family history: RA is also a genetic disorder, if a family member has suffered with RA, have increased chance

Other factors like smoking, obesity, environmental hazard.


What are the complications occur while getting RA:

Osteoporosis

Rheumatoid nodules

Infections

Dry eye and mouth

Carpel tunnel syndrome

Heart problems

Atypical body balance

Lung problems

Lymphoma.


Methods used to analyze and diagnose RA

  • Blood tests
  • Imaging tests    

Blood tests:

Rheumatoid arthritis test

Anti-citrullinated protein antibody test (anti-CCP)

Anti-nuclear antibody test

C-reactive protein test

Erythrocyte sedimentation test.


Imaging test:

X-ray

Ultrasonography

MRI


How to treat RA:

Rheumatoid arthritis is non-curable disease, but it can prevent and helps to dominate the pain

Treatments like

Medications

Alternative antidote

Home remedies

Diet

Exercise


Some medications:

Some of the medications involved in the treatment of RA include;

 Drugs used to reduce the pain & swelling

NSAIDS (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)

Corticosteroids

Acetaminophen

Drugs used to passive the damage that RA origin to the body

Disease-modifying anti-rheumatoid drugs

Biologics

Janus Kinase (JAK) inhibitors


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