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Orthopaedic Drugs Intas

Orthopaedic drugs used to treat, repair the damaged /deformed or functional impairment of the musclo-skeletal system, degenerative conditions, trauma, sports injury, tumours, and congenital issues especially the extremities and the spine, and associated structures, as muscles and ligaments.

The concern and care of Orthopaedics or orthopaedic services is used to treat and correct the musculoskeletal system, which includes bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles.

An orthopaedic surgeon or ortho-physician is  devoted to diagnosis, treatment, prevention and rehabilitation of injuries, disorders and diseases of the body's musculoskeletal system

 

Bone problems may include:

  • Bone deformities
  • Bone infections
  • Bone tumors
  • Fractures
  • Need for amputation
  • Nonunions: failure of fractures to heal
  • Malunions: fractures healing in a wrong position
  • Spinal deformities

Joint problems may include:

Common orthopedic-related diagnoses based on body part include:

ANKLE AND FOOT:

HAND AND WRIST:

SHOULDER:

KNEE:

  • Cartilage and meniscus injuries
  • Dislocation of the kneecap (patella)
  • Ligament sprains or tears (anterior cruciate, posterior cruciate, medial collateral, and lateral collateral ligament tears)
  • Loose or foreign bodies
  • Osgood-Schlatter disease
  • Pain
  • Tendinitis
  • Fractures

ELBOW:

  • Arthritis
  • Bursitis
  • Dislocation or separation
  • Ligament sprains or tears
  • Loose or foreign bodies
  • Pain
  • Tennis or golfers elbow (epicondylitis or tendinitis)
  • Elbow stiffness or contractures
  • Fractures

SPINE:

SERVICES AND TREATMENTS

Imaging procedures can help diagnose or even treat many orthopedic conditions. Your health care provider may order:

Sometimes, treatment involves injections of medicine into the painful area. This may involve:

  • Corticosteroid injections into joints, tendons, and ligaments, and around the spine
  • Hyaluronic acid injection to help relieve arthritis pain and other drugs

Surgical procedures used in the treatment of orthopedics include:

  • Amputation
  • Arthroscopic surgeries
  • Bunionectomy and hammer  toe repair
  • Cartilage repair or resurfacing procedures
  • Cartilage surgery to knee
  • Fracture care
  • Arthroplasty
  • Ligament reconstructions
  • Repair of torn ligaments and tendons
  • Spine surgery, including diskectomy, foraminotomy, laminectomy, and spinal fusion

Newer orthopedic services procedures include:

  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Advanced external fixation
  • Use of bone graft substitutes and bone-fusing protein

WHO IS INVOLVED

Orthopedic care often involves a team approach. Your team may include a doctor, a non-doctor specialist as well as others. Non-doctor specialists are professionals such as a physical therapist.

  • Orthopaedic surgeons receive 5 or more extra years of training after school. They specialize in the care of disorders of the bones, muscles, tendons, and ligaments. They are trained to manage joint problems with both operative and non-operative techniques.
  • Physical medicine and rehabilitation doctors have 4 or more extra years of training after medical school. They specialize in this type of care. They are also referred to as physiatrists. They do not perform surgery, although they can give joint injections.
  • Sports medicine physicians are doctors with experience in sports medicine. They have a primary speciality in family practice, internal medicine, emergency medicine, paediatrics, or physical medicine and rehabilitation. Most have 1 to 2 years of additional training in sports medicine through subspecialty programs in sports medicine. Sports medicine is a special branch of orthopaedics. This provides complete medical care to active people of all ages.

Other doctors that may be a part of the orthopaedics team include:

  • Neurologists
  • Pain specialists
  • Primary care doctors
  • Psychiatrists
  • Chiropractors

Non-doctor health professionals that may be a part of the orthopaedics team include:

  • Athletic trainers
  • Counsellors
  • Nurse practitioners
  • Physical therapists
  • Physician assistants
  • Psychologists
  • Social workers
  • Vocational workers

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